The essay is a type of text that allows its author to present his personal ideas on a specific topic.

It is the space par excellence to expose, argue and show others the vision we have of the world and of a topic in a way that reaches the reader while convincing him of our position.

What parts does a trial have?

The essay, like all types of written work and like any text itself, has an introduction, a development and a conclusion. The difference is that the essay does not usually indicate each one but that they are included in the text in an integral way.

A well-organized essay begins by presenting the topic to be discussed, this is the introduction. Continue with the breakdown of the topic and the presentation of the personal vision, this is the development. Close with the author’s contribution and the reader’s invitation to see the situation from their particular perspective, this is the conclusion.

What are the parts of a trial used for?

The division of the essay in parts allows the presentation of the ideas in an organized way that facilitates the reader’s reading work and therefore understanding of it.

Although the essay can be presented in an integral way, with its parts without being differentiated from each other, these in turn are usually subdivided from subtitles that deal in a timely manner with each part of the subject and thus offer an organized way of working. and reading.

Sub ways to divide an essay into titles and subtitles vary according to each author and according to the type of essay, usually a literary essay exposes the arguments in a larger and less organized field than a scientific essay, for example.

What is the structure of an essay?

The essay has as structure the division of all written texts: introduction, development and conclusion. It is what we also know as the parts of the essay.

Now, each part of the essay can have a small internal structure that allows the presentation of ideas in an organized and enjoyable way. Let us always remember that writing is not just about presenting our thoughts, but about making the reader understand and accept our vision.

Therefore it is necessary to always think of the reader and offer our ideas in the most organized, entertaining and interesting way possible. Based on this we will see the characteristics of each part of the trial.

Characteristics of the parts of a trial

Every essay has three fundamental parts: introduction, development or exhibition and conclusion. Depending on the type of test we are talking about, the contents of each of the structures may vary, but this will always remain stable and clearly defined.


In the introduction you should present the topic to be treated clearly, but in turn you should insert the ideas you have of it to guide both the text and the reader to the line of thought that will work in the writing.

At this point it is necessary to present the hypothesis or question that moves us to investigate and discern on the chosen topic.

The aim is to offer a preamble of the content and the way in which the vision on the subject will be developed throughout the study. It requires the use of pleasant expressive forms that allow the reader to understand the path that is proposed and to be interested in it.

It is vital to remember that the introduction never shows progress or conclusions on the subject, it only raises questions on the subject that arouse curiosity and that allow guiding the approach to the topic. The introduction is just a sample of the road, not the road itself.

The introduction according to the type of test

An introduction in a scientific essay is usually the exposition of a hypothesis and the reasons that have led us to it. A hypothesis is a theory that is presented for the solution of a problem and that throughout the development of the trial will be defended with all the scientific evidence that we can provide.

When we talk about an argumentative essay in the introduction the work is presented and the thesis is exposed. A thesis in an argumentative essay is similar to the scientist’s hypothesis. It is an idea, an affirmation, that we will defend throughout the body or development of the essay. This thesis is defended with arguments that do not have to be scientific, they can be subjective opinions.

In an expository essay, the introduction has the basic purpose of capturing the reader’s interest in the essay’s argument. Although this is evidently sought in all the trials that are carried out in this case, it is the basis of this presentation part.

When we carry out an essay of literary analysis in the introduction, we put the reader in antecedents about the work that we are going to treat and we place the concrete aspect of this one that we want to analyze in our essay.


The development of an essay is already the entry in matter, here the own expositions on the subject are presented as well as the support of theoretical referents of authority in the same one. Within development, ideas must be coherently interwoven.

It is the most fundamental of the parts of an essay since it is where we relate the content we want to show the reader. It is also known as body or development and the parts of an essay are always the longest.

Start with the approach and argued about the chosen theme and you can return to the questions made in the introduction and add new ones that allow us to make a theoretical construct of the path we are going to travel.

You can consider the ways in which the topic has been addressed by other authors and even refer if we agree or not always under solid and well structured arguments.

This part of the essay usually develops freely, it is the author who usually determines the way of presenting his ideas. The essay, because it is a type of text that mixes the expository with the argumentative, allows the writer to present his ideas while developing them between arguments.

For this reason, the essay is a direct construction and is a deep exercise of human thought. It shows the author’s way of thinking and is written once enough information has been gathered about the chosen topic, not the other way around.

The development according to the type of test

In a scientific essay we expose all the tests to which we submit our thesis, whether test / error, comparisons with other theories, used bibliography or any other type of material that proves or refutes our hypothesis. The more data we contribute, the more solid the hypothesis will be if it is confirmed.

In the argumentative essays we defend our thesis based on our opinions, on other opinions that are worth to defend ours or we try to dismantle contrary arguments to revalue our point of view. If we use other people’s ideas, it must always be clear who is responsible for them and where we have extracted that reference.

If what we are doing is an expository essay, the body of the essay is precisely that exposition of facts, narrated in a coherent and as linear way as possible. While in an argumentative essay the author may sometimes get lost in his thoughts and reflections, in this type of essays a clear line of exposure must be followed.

The essays of literary analysis will normally have in their exposition textual quotations from the book that should be enclosed in quotation marks and, if done in a computer, preferably in italics. The reader is supposed to know the work, so references can be brief, only to place it in the context we want to deal with.

Depending on whether you want to analyze the whole work or an aspect of it (for example “Treatment of birth in the work” Women and traditions of Peru “) we will dissect the different points to be discussed and commenting in a very orderly manner. The language in these essays must be quite formal and are perhaps the most rigid and academic.


It is the closing of the text and therefore the study of the subject. It must end with the contribution of the author, with his definitive and final opinion based on the arguments made previously.

because it is the last part of the essay, and how the introduction should be brief in relation to the exhibition. That is, in a one-page essay three or four lines will be sufficient for the conclusion but if it is twenty pages long the conclusion could occupy three pages.

In the conclusion, the argument must be handled in such a way that the reader is convinced and, if it has not already been achieved, that he changes his way of thinking and aligns himself with the author’s vision.

The conclusion according to the type of test

In a scientific essay this conclusion would be the reaffirmation or definitive refutation of the hypothesis.

If we are writing an argumentative or an expository essay, we will try to summarize the main ideas that we want to remain in the mind of the reader.

In a literary analysis essay, the latter of the parts of an essay will summarize the main conclusions of this analysis.